Budapest Architect: Art Nouveau - Overview
Topics: Introduction * History * Architects around 1900 * An Art Nouveau villa in a suburb of Budapest * Acorns... The MĂłkus as ornament in the architecture * The Art Nouveau mosaic triptych by A. Dudits * Artists * Ornamentation / Styles * Private tour - Early Art Nouveau 1897-1904
This section of the website "Budapest Architect" will be expanded with several chapters that describe all kind of aspects of this architectural movement. In the first instance the work is focused on the extension of the list of architects designing buildings in the Art Nouveau era. And that is a mega job because from many of them is little of none information available and also lists of which buildings they designed are not complete or even don't excist.
However, there were also exhibitions that the citizens of Budapest show this new art movement, such as an exhibition held in January 1896 during which paintings by Jan Toorop were exhibited. At the same time as Ă–dĂ¶n Lechner, who developed his own style, other architects, such as Frigyes Spiegel applied the more Viennese / Western form of Art Nouveau in his designs. This page briefly describes the history and development of Art Nouveau in Budapest.
But there also were architects which used other Art Nouveau styles for the design of their buildings such as Samuel RĂ©vĂ©sz and JĂłzsef KollĂˇr. This duo generally wielded the more German Art Nouveau style. This page gradually will provide an overview of all architects who've designed buiildings in the period from about 1895 to 1914. Currently descriptions are available from about 50 architects. They are not all architects which applied the Art Nouveau style in their designs, because also in this period buildings were designed in e.g. neo-styles.
Soon research will be done to be 100% sure who's the architect, but there is a strong suspicion who is responsible for the design. As soon as these facts are known, the building will get a place in the chapter "Building of the Month" and then also the location will be announced. Until then you can view this building on the basis of detailed photos, shown on this page.
One of those facade decorations concerns the portraying of the MĂłkus (squirrel) on the walls or in buildings. Almost certain is that all these buildings are designed in the Art Nouveau period, during which the MĂłkus was used as ornamentation, and by Jewish architects for Jewish customers. For the websites Szia Budapest and Budapest architect Julius compiled a page with over 20 pictures of the MĂłkus.
Because of the height, the details are not clearly to see, and that's a pitty, because the artwork is of a great beauty. Also a work of art that is decay and the hope that by publication of the photographs, it wil be restored. Without restoration the artwork wil disappear within a few years and that would be a cultural diaster for the city.
Geza MarĂłti is named as the most important sculptor and Miksa RĂłth as the most important person who designed stained-glass and etched windows. But there were much more artists responsible for the beautiful art. Currently, by using photographs and comparing details, Julius tries to get a first overview, but this cost a lot of time. Therefore you have to be patient if you want to view his page.
During this private tour you will see several highlight of early Art Nouveau buildings which in general not have the "Lechner"style (or designed by him) but other styles. You will see buildings designed by e.g. Emil Vidor or Frigyes Spiegel and you also will see buildings wih a mixture between classical styles and Art Nouveau. It's a private tour during which we often make use of the excellent public transport in Budapest.