Budapest Architects around 1900: Gyula Fodor (1872-1942)
Topics: Introduction * Career * Interesting facts * Impressions of Julius * Buildings designed in Budapest
When it's correct that he realised in 1904 his first building in Budapest, it's likely that he was just graduated at the Technical University of Budapest. In general the architects graduated at this university, had an age of 22, 23. So if he is born in 1872, he must be graduated around 1895.... and then there's a gap of 9 years before he designed his first building.
Other sources providing the information that he probable studied at the Technical University in Vienna. And that from 1905 he worked independently and received his orders directly from the client, he did not participate in tenders. The last is right as far as known till now, but given the number of buildings designed by him, he must be graduated in Budapest (otherwise it wasn't possible to design such a number of buildings) and he must have had an office before 1904......
* Gyula Fodor was one of the numerous architects of Jewish origin.
Recently Julius attributed also the building on the VIII. Kofarago utca 7 as an "Fodor" building. This because the used ornamentations on and in this building have numerous similarities with other "Fodor" buildings, such as the striking door. This while sources on the Internet attribute this building as a design of the architects S√°muel R√©v√©sz and J√≥zsef Koll√°r.
Numerous buildings designed by Gyula Fodor do have a beautiful ornamented facades, but often you have to look up to see these ornamentations, such as e.g. on the VII. D√≥zsa Gy√∂rgy √ļt 64 or the VIII. Baross utca 11. Further research have to be done why there are special ornamentations used. By example: at least at two buildings there are images of crowing roosters. Why? That's the question....
For the ornamentation of these buildings, especially the statues and reli√ęfs, Gyula Fodor in general worked together with the artist Simon Ney. But also the name of G√©za M√°roti is named as being responsible for a part of the art works. The designs, attributed to Mar√≥ti, are also to find on several of the L√∂ffler buildings and, but less, at the buildings designed by other architects. The Ernst Muzeum and lak√≥h√°z (1912), designed by Gyula Fodor at the VI. Nagymez√∂ utca 8 has artworks / ornamentations by other artists: √Ėd√∂n Lechner designed the foyer and benches, while the stained-glass windows are designed by J. Rippel-R√≥nai. The stained-glass windows in the other buildings designed by Fodor, such as in the building on the VI. Hajos utca 25, are made in the workshop of Miksa R√≥th.
The iron doors, present in at least 14 buildings designed by Gyula Fodor, have allmost all significant similarities. On one of the doors is a slab of the workshop "Schneider J√≥zsef, √öjpest". It's likely that all doors are made by the same firm (and also the door of the "L√∂ffler" building on the VII. Kert√©sz utca 29). Also strange, and certainly for a Jewish architect, is that (in the opinion of Julius) Gyula Fodor is portraited in at least two of the ornamentations on his buildings, probable even more.
The buildings are not to classify as "Lechner" buildings and the style of Gyula Fodor evolved from the more Viennese/western form of Art Nouveau (by example VIII. Csokonai utca 8 and VII. D√≥zsa Gy√∂rgy √ļt 64), towards an own style with in later years pr√© Art Deco ornamentations. Untill now it was possible to view 19 buildings at the inside and it is remarkable to see, especially in the early designs, that the buildings at the courtyard side have a really classical look and the fence of the galleries on the courtyard is often a mixture of stone (reinforced concrete?) and iron and there are pilars to support the floorsun the floors
Several buildings are designed for a narrow but deep plot: the building on the VII. D√∂zsa Gyorgy utca 64 in fact exists of two parts. The building on the streetside and the builing oblique left behind it. The building at the streetside is in a fairly good condition, the building at the backside is dilapidated. It's a very deep plot of land on which these buildings are erected. The same way of designing a building on a rather narrow but deep plot can be seen at the VIII. Baross utca 43.
In general most of the 19 viewed buildings also have at the inside striking ornamentations such as numerous stained-glass windows. The building at the VIII. Baross utca 11 has splendid reli√ęfs in the entrance hall. The door of this building is already very special (and there are more copies to find in Budapest) but in this building it can been opened completely because there's a parking place in the courtyard between this building and the building, also designed by Fodor, at the VIII. √úll√īi √ļt 14. In several buildings are similarities between the used ornamentations in e.g. the fence in the stairwell or the doors of the apartments which have the same iron ornamentations. A more extended article about the buildings will be written as soon as all "Fodor" are be viewed form both the outside as the inside.
In the chapter "Building of the Month" untill now 2 Fodor buildings are more detailed described: the Nap√≥leon-Udvar and the building on the V. Falk Miksa utca 13. On the Kozma utca Jewish cemetery Gyula Fodor designed in 1908 the beautiful Konr√°d Polnay Csaladja
Until the 30s Gyula Fodor has been active as architect, though Julius has still not a good impression which buildings in that period by Fodor are designed. The building at the V. Varmegye utca 7 is built in a style that was common in the late 20s in Budapest, but also contains references to the buildings which Gyula Fodor designed during the Art Nouveau period.
The list below is a first overview, at least 22 buildings at this list are 100% sure Gyula Fodor designs, for the other buildings more research have to be done. But also for this architect there's no overview available which buildings he designed and only by research and comparing of details it's possible to attribute a building on a name of an architect. Dates in the list below are not only based on information on Internet but also by comparing buildings and details.
Nowadays you still can find the following buildings in Budapest which are designed by Gyula Fodor:
1904 - VIII. Csokonai utca 8: lak√≥h√°z
1905 - VI. Haj√≥s utca 25: Nap√≥leon-Udvar
1905-1907 - VIII. √úll√īi √ļt 14 // Baross utca 11: Arany Sas-Udvar [K√°rolyi Alajos h√°za, ‚ÄěSas udvar‚ÄĚ]
1906 - VII. Ak√°cfa utca 59: lak√≥h√°z
1907 - VII. Als√≥ erd√īsor utca 8: Steinhardt-Udvar
1907 - VII. Kazinczy utca 51: lak√≥h√°z
1907 - VIII. Bauer S√°ndor utca 7: lak√≥h√°z (steetname was till recently: "Erd√©lyi utca")
1907-1908 - VII. D√≥zsa Gy√∂rgy √ļt 64: lak√≥h√°z
1907 - VIII. Fiumei √ļt 14: lak√≥h√°z (unsure)
1908 - VIII. Bezer√©dj utca 4: lak√≥h√°z
1908 - VI. Rippl R√≥nai utca 40: lak√≥h√°z
1908 - VIII. Gyulai P√°l utca 16: Haller-h√°z
1908-1909 - VII. Dembinszky utca 44: lak√≥h√°z
1909 - VIII. Baross utca 43: lak√≥h√°z
1909 - V. Falk Miksa utca 13: lak√≥h√°z
1909 - XIII. Heged√ľs Gyula utca 73: lak√≥h√°z (not 100% sure)
1909 - VIII. Kofarago utca 7: lak√≥h√°z
1910 - XIV. VII. D√≥zsa Gy√∂rgy √ļt 29: lak√≥h√°z
1910-1911 - VIII. J√≥zsef utca 36: lak√≥h√°z
1910-1911 - XIV. Ilka utca 20: lak√≥h√°z
1910-1911 - IX. R√°day utca 9: lak√≥h√°z
1911 - V. Falk Miksa utca 18-20: lak√≥h√°z
1912 - VI. Nagymez√ī utca 8: Ernst Muzeum √©s lak√≥h√°z
1914 - VI. Zichy Jen√∂ utca 30 // Nagymez√∂ utca 31: lak√≥h√°z
1931 - V. Varmegye utca 7: O.T.I. Banyanyugb√©ralap B√©rh√°za
? V. Pet√∂fi S√°ndor utca 6: lak√≥h√°z
(List subject to changes!)